verbal


verbal
Strictly, of or pertaining to words; expressed in words, whether spoken or written, but commonly in spoken words; hence, by confusion, spoken; oral. Parol; by word of mouth; as, verbal agreement, verbal evidence; or written, but not signed, or not executed with the formalities required for a deed or prescribed by statute in particular cases
@ verbal act doctrine
Under this doctrine, utterances accompanying some act or conduct to which it is desired to give legal effect are admissible where conduct to be characterized by words is material to issue and equivocal in its nature, and words accompany conduct and aid in giving it legal significance. Keefe v. State, 50 Ariz. 293, 295, 72 P.2d 425, 427.
Under doctrine, where declarations of an individual are so connected with his acts as to derive a degree of credit from such connection, independently of the declaration, the declaration becomes part of the transaction and is admissible. The "verbal act doctrine" and the "res gestae doctrine" coincide practically and serve equally to admit certain sorts of statements, but they are nevertheless wholly distinct in their nature and in their right to exist. American Employers Ins. Co. v. Wentworth, 90 N.H. 112, 5 A.2d 265, 269.
- res (res gestae); verbal acts
@ verbal acts
Situations in which legal consequences flow from the fact that words were said, e.g. the words of offer and acceptance which create a contract, or words of slander upon which an action for damages is based. The rule against hearsay does not apply to proof of relevant verbal acts because evidence of such acts is being offered to prove something other than the truth of an out of court assertion.
- res (res gestae); verbal act doctrine
@ verbal assaults
See threat
@ verbal contract
An oral, nonwritten agreement; a parol contract.
See also contract (parol contract); oral contract
@ verbal note
A memorandum or note, in diplomacy, not signed, sent when an affair has continued a long time without any reply, in order to avoid the appearance of an urgency which perhaps is not required; and, on the other hand, to guard against the supposition that it is forgotten, or that there is an intention of not prosecuting it any further
@ verbal process
In Louisiana, proces-verbal (q.v.)
@

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • verbal — verbal, ale, aux [ vɛrbal, o ] adj. • 1337, attesté par l adv. verbalement; lat. verbalis, de verbum → verbe I ♦ 1 ♦ Qui se fait de vive voix (opposé à écrit). ⇒ oral. Promesse verbale. Ordres, rapports verbaux. Convention verbale. Location… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • verbal — verbal, ale (vèr bal, ba l ) adj. 1°   Qui n est que de vive voix et non par écrit. Des ordres verbaux. •   Il n y a point de promesse de mariage verbale ni par écrit, PATRU Plaidoyer 11. •   On a prétendu que le connétable de Montmorency fut… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Verbal — Ver bal, a. [F., fr. L. verbalis. See {Verb}.] 1. Expressed in words, whether spoken or written, but commonly in spoken words; hence, spoken; oral; not written; as, a verbal contract; verbal testimony. [1913 Webster] Made she no verbal question?… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • verbal — VERBÁL, Ă, verbali, e, adj. 1. Care se face, se transmite, se comunică prin viu grai, din gură în gură; care caracterizează graiul viu, vorbirea; oral. 2. Care aparţine verbului (1), privitor la verb, de verb. ♢ Flexiune verbală = conjugare (2).… …   Dicționar Român

  • verbal — (Del lat. verbālis). 1. adj. Que se refiere a la palabra, o se sirve de ella. Memoria verbal. [m6]Expresión verbal. 2. Que se hace o estipula solo de palabra, y no por escrito. Injuria, contrato verbal. 3. Gram. Perteneciente o relativo al verbo …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • verbal — verb‧al [ˈvɜːbl ǁ ˈvɜːr ] adjective a verbal contract, agreement etc is one that is spoken rather than written: • The bank manager gave verbal assurances of the security of the investments. * * * verbal UK US /ˈvɜːbəl/ adjective ► spoken rather… …   Financial and business terms

  • verbal — has four meanings, all close enough to cause possible confusion: (1) ‘having the nature of a verb’ (verbal noun), (2) involving words rather than actual things • (Opposition between these two modes of speaking is rather verbal than real B. Jowett …   Modern English usage

  • verbal — Verbal, [verb]ale. Qui vient du verbe. Adjectif verbal. Substantif verbal. Verbal, signifie aussi, Qui n est que de vive voix, & non par escrit. Promesse verbale. requeste verbale. On appelle, Procez verbal, Un rapport par escrit, fait par un… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • verbal — [vʉr′bəl] adj. [LME < MFr < LL verbalis, of a word < verbum: see VERB] 1. of, in, or by means of words [a verbal image] 2. concerned merely with words, as distinguished from facts, ideas, or actions 3. in speech; oral rather than written …   English World dictionary

  • verbal — I adjective audible, expressed, nuncupative, oral, parole, pronounced, recited, spoken, stated, unwritten, uttered, verbum, voiced, vox associated concepts: Statute of Frauds, verbal acts, verbal agreements, verbal contracts, verbal gift, verbal… …   Law dictionary

  • verbal — (adj.) late 15c., dealing with words (especially in contrast to things or realities), from L. verbalis consisting of words, relating to verbs, from verbum word (see VERB (Cf. verb)). Verbal conditioning is recorded from 1954. Colloquial verbal… …   Etymology dictionary


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